Dhaka, Bangladesh

Elizabeth Tudor was born to Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn on September 7, 1533. She was three years old when her mother was executed and her father re-married. Elizabeth's last stepmother was Katherine Parr, the sixth queen of Henry VIII. And with Henry's death Katherine Parr became the Dowager Queen. After Katherine died, there were many contenders to the throne, Jane being the main one. She was the daughter of Thomas Seymour and Katherine. But, she could reign for only nine days. Mary, the daughter of Catherine, the first queen of Henry VIII, rode into London with her sister Elizabeth. Jane Grey and her husband Guildford were imprisoned in the Tower. Mary took over. Her reign lasted five years before she was overcome with sickness and died. The two half-sisters, had a stormy relationship during Mary's five-year reign. Mary, who was brought up as a Catholic, enacted pro-Catholic legislation and made efforts to restore papal supremacy in England. A Protestant rebellion ensued, and Queen Mary imprisoned Elizabeth, a Protestant, in the Tower of London on suspicion of complicity. When Mary died, Elizabeth was released from the Tower. In 1558, Elizabeth succeeded her half-sister to the throne and set out to rule by good counsel. Crowned A coronation in medieval times, fell into four parts. First, the new monarch took possession of the Tower, symbolic of having control of the country. The second stage was the sovereign's progress through the city to Westminster on the eve of the coronation. The third was the coronation in Westminster Abbey, with the procession to following it till there. And finally, the banquet in Westminster Hall. Elizabeth took possession of the Tower on January 13. Two days later, she was crowned queen of England at Westminster Abbey. For the last time, the mass was said in Latin. Elizabeth's reign is known as the Elizabethan era. Her reign was one of the most brilliant in English history. It is remembered for the defeat of the Spanish Armada, the execution of Mary Queen of Scots and for voyages of exploration and discovery. She was known as the Virgin Queen, Gloriana and Good Queen Bess. Literature flourished during her reign with writers such as William Shakespeare and Edmund Spenser. She ruled the country for 44 years and this increased the stability for the kingdom and helped forge a sense of national identity.

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