Dhaka, Bangladesh
Manpower export may suffer this year

Manpower export may suffer this year

News Report Bangladesh manpower export market may suffer this year against the backdrop of political tension in the middle-east countries, budget cut in mega projects, economic slowdown and policy of recruiting local manpower in the oil producing countries, sources said. Bangladesh exported 500,694 workers to various counties during the January-August period in 2018 with KSA holding top destination for manpower export with 172,379 workers, followed by Malaysia with 125,819 workers. In 2017, Bangladesh sent 1008,525 workers as against 555,881 workers sent in 2016. The present trend shows that manpower export this year may drop by 15-20 per cent as middle-east countries are going through economic turmoil, sources in the Bureau of Manpower and Employment and Training (BMET) and Bangladesh Association of International Recruiting Agency (BAIRA) said. Expatriate Bangladeshis sent 13,526.84 million US dollars in 2017, 13,609.77 million US dollars in 2016 and 15,270.99 million US dollars in 2015 home Expatriate Bangladeshis sent 10,750.06 million US dollars home during the January-August period of the current calendar year, according to Bureau of Manpower and Employment and Training (BMET). Meanwhile, Malaysian government in an order issued on August 21st cancelled the G2G Plus system after about two and a half years of its execution. The order will take effect from September 1 and no worker will be able to go to Malaysia under the G2G Plus system introduced by the previous government, according to a highly placed source in the Ministry of Expatriate Welfare and Overseas Employment. The Malaysian government has sent a letter in this regard to the Bangladesh High Commission in Kuala Lumpur but the Ministry of Expatriate Welfare and Overseas Employment is yet to receive the letter, said source. Meanwhile, the Immigration Department of Malaysia has detained 30,000 illegal immigrants from January 1 till September 3, 2018, its director-general Datuk Seri Mustafar Ali said, according to malaymail. He said over 1,000 employers were also detained during the period for employing or harbouring the illegals. "The detentions are the result of more than 10,000 operations carried out nationwide with over 100,000 foreigners examined. "We (Immigration) gave illegal immigrants the opportunity to surrender themselves voluntarily through the 3+1 programme which ended on August 30. "In addition, we implemented the Rehiring Programme which was terminated on June 30. However, we still find many who do not adhere to the set procedures," he said. He was speaking to reporters after the operation codenamed "Ops Mega" here early today, which was also joined in by Deputy Home Minister Datuk Mohd Azis Jamman. However, Malaysian authorities have not disclosed the number of detained Bangladeshis during this drive against the illegal immigrants. Mustafar said despite a large number of operations carried out, there were still many illegal immigrants located throughout the country. "Although we have introduced several programmes, many still refuse to surrender, including employers. After the Rehiring Programme, we implemented Ops Mega 3.0 and of the hundreds of operations that we have conducted, we have arrested more than 1,000 illegals from over 7,000 who were inspected. According to the estimates of the manpower quarterly survey being carried out by the Authority, the labor market data from the administrative records in the related authorities (including the Ministry of Labor and Social Development, Ministry of Civil Service, General Organization for Social Insurance (GOSI), Human Resources Development Fund (HRDF) and National Information Center), showed a drop in number of non- Saudi workers, according to Saudi Gazette report The results of the Q1 2018 showed that the total number of workers, according to the administrative records in the Kingdom for the first quarter of 2018, has reached 13,333,513 individuals compared to 13,581,141 individuals in Q4 2017. The first quarter of 2018 also witnessed a drop in the number of non-Saudi workers, according to the Kingdom's administrative records, by 234,191 individuals compared to the Q4 2017. They reached 10,183,104 people compared to 10,417,295 in the previous quarter. Meanwhile, the total number of Saudi workers reached 3,150,409. The rate of economic participation of the total population (15 years and above), from the estimates of the Q1 2018 manpower survey, has reached 55.5 percent compared to 55.6 percent for Q4 2017. Meanwhile, the percentage of economic participation of the total number of Saudis has reached 41.89 percent compared to 41.86 percent in the previous quarter. The economic participation of male Saudis (15 years and above) rose to 63.5 percent compared to 63.4 percent during the previous quarter. The economic participation of female Saudis (15 years and above) rose to 19.5 percent compared to 19.4 percent in the previous quarter. The results indicated that the unemployment rate for the total population (15 years and above) reached 6.1 percent in Q1 2018 compared to 6 percent in Q4 2017. The total unemployment rate for Saudis (15 years and above), according to the Q1 2018 manpower survey estimates, has reached 12.9 percent. On the other hand, this quarter witnessed a drop in the unemployment rate of female Saudis, as it reached 30.9 percent compared to 31 percent in the Q4 2017. Meanwhile, the unemployment rate among male Saudis rose to 7.6 percent compared to 7.5 percent in the previous quarter. The number of Saudi jobseekers in Q1 2018 totaled 1,072,162, according to the administrative records (Jadarah, Saed and Hafiz programs) compared to 1,086,561 with a drop of 14,399 individuals compared to the previous quarter. The percentage of male Saudi jobseekers reached 16.1 percent while that of female Saudi jobseekers reached 83.9 percent. The bulletin included a large quantity of detailed data on workers, according to the regulations and bylaws they are subjected to, as well as nationality, gender, age, administrative region, education level, data on jobseekers, average monthly salary, working hours and household helps. According to Saudi Gazette, the Ministry of Labor of KSA has stopped the transfer of services for engineering graduates who are dependents of expatriate workers to employers who want to hire them for engineering jobs. "The transfer of services of a dependent expatriate engineer to establishments in the job title of 'engineer' is currently not available," the ministry has said on its Twitter account. The step follows the ministry's agreement with the Saudi Council of Engineers to stop recruitment of expatriate engineers from outside whose practical experience is less than five years. The two sides also agreed that expatriate engineers should sit a professional test and attend a personal interview with the council to make sure that he or she has mastered the profession. According to the latest statistics, the council has a membership of 198,000 engineers consisting of Saudis (16 percent) and non-Saudis (84 percent). There are 166,535 non-Saudi engineers enrolled in the council against 31,466 Saudi engineers. The ministry said the job title change for expatriates are not available currently. "This includes the transfer of services of an expatriate from an individual Saudi sponsor to an establishment and vice versa," it added. The ministry also said the condition that expatriate workers should stay for a period of two years at least with their original sponsors before they are allowed to transfer their iqamas no longer exists. "The expatriate workers can transfer their iqamas to new sponsors no matter how long they have stayed with their original sponsors," the ministry added.

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