Dhaka, Bangladesh
A step towards sustainable dairy production in Bangladesh

A step towards sustainable dairy production in Bangladesh

Dairy industry of Bangladesh is dominated by the local breed with very low productivity. This is the primary hurdle of obtaining sufficient milk production as the demand. Most of the local breed has very low milk production records, as a result Bangladesh is producing milk well under the requirement and most of the demand is being met from import of milk powder from the international market. The current milk production is about 7.2 million whereas the milk demand is about 14.7 million MT considering 250 ml per head/day (DLS, 2016). To realize the demand for milk a comparative consumption situation per person per day among the SAARC country can be taken into consideration. Milk consumption per head per day in Bangladesh is only 120ml (DLS, 2016), while it is 140 ml in Nepal, 142 ml in Sri Lanka, 188 ml in Maldives, 227 ml in India and 520 ml in Pakistan. Therefore, Bangladesh has huge potentiality to increase milk production in order to minimize the shortage and save huge amount of money which is being spent for milk import. Keeping these issues in mind, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh has prioritized the dairy development as one of the tools of sustainable development goal. As part of this, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute has considered to develop and implement the dairy development research project for achieving the following goals: development of high yielding cross-breed dairy cows (50% Friesian - 50% Local Pabna cattle; improvement of sustainable feeds and feeding technology to increase milk production and epidemiology of major dairy diseases and development of its prevention and control strategies. The project work is going on smoothly and all physical utilities, infrastructure and other necessaries have been purchased. A Local Pabna Cows dairy herd has been developed and scientifically managed by the experts recruited under the projects. During the fiscal year of 2017-18; three research sub-projects have been approved. The detailed about the sub-projects are as follows. Sub-project 1: Establishment of a Nucleus-Breeding Herd (NBH) of different graded of dairy cattle at the BLRI Regional station, Baghabari. Objectives: Selection of local dairy cattle, study on the production and reproductive performances of selected local dairy cattle, genetic improvement of local dairy cattle, construction of gene bank for local dairy animals for further molecular study and comparison among generation and identifying the possible genetic reasons associating repeat breeding. Sub-project -2: Objectives: To identify available feed resources of dairy cattle in Baghabarighat area, to assess the chemical composition, nutritive values and anti-nutritional factors of the available feed resources, to estimate the year round nutrient demand and supply to the dairy cattle, to assess of nutritional status and its impact on production and reproduction, to assess the rumen environment and rumen microbial diversity under the existing feeding system. Sub-project -3: Objectives: Epidemiology study of infectious diseases of dairy cattle at Baghabari and selected areas in Shirajgonj, to develop treatment and control strategies of infectious diseases of dairy cattle. These sub-projects are under action both at the community and own herd level. Significant progress has already been made and the proposed works are expected to be finished by July, 2018. Similarly, in the next fiscal year 2018-19, new research will be proposed to achieve the goals of the project, eventually. Expected outcome: Based on the progress of the project work, we are optimistic that the planned tasks will be successfully completed in time with the following results. Development of high yielding crossbred cows crossing Local Pabna Cattle and Pure Holstein Friesian, Development of Nucleus herd of Pure Local Pabna and Crossbed to produce semen and subsequently disseminate these merits to the community. Development of low cost feed technology, and feeding management using local feed resources to increase milk production, surveillance of major dairy diseases, prevention and control strategies, poverty reduction by generation income through milk production. The writer is Project Director, Dairy Development Research Project, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka

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